Business Education and Engagement during COVID-19 and Beyond: Insights from Pakistan

This article offers a stakeholder perspective on business and management education and engagement in the aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic. Written by Dr. Jawad Syed (LUMS), the article is an extract from the AMDISA e-Book on COVID-19 related challenges facing management education in South Asia.

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Security and the Belt and Road: A Critical Analysis of Threats to Chinese Nationals and Businesses in Pakistan

Dr. Jawad Syed

In the wake of the recent tragic and regrettable terror attack against Chinese engineers in Pakistan, it may be useful to refer to the findings of my study on ‘Security and the Belt and Road: A Critical Analysis of Threats to Chinese Nationals and Businesses in Pakistan’ (published as a chapter in my book titled ‘China’s Belt and Road Initiative in a Global Context: Volume II: The China Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) and its Implications for Business’, published by Palgrave in 2020).

In the recent attack on 14 July 2021, at least 13 people, including nine Chinese nationals, were killed in an explosion that sent a bus hurtling down a mountainside in Pakistan. The bus was carrying more than 30 people to a hydropower plant site in the remote upper Kohistan region. The Dasu hydropower project is part of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) – an investment and infrastructure plan that includes a network of roads, railways and pipelines between the two countries. Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian urged Pakistan to punish those responsible and protect the safety of Chinese citizens in the country. He said: “China has asked Pakistan to thoroughly investigate the truth as soon as possible, capture the perpetrators, punish them severely, and effectively protect the safety of Chinese personnel, institutions and projects in Pakistan.”

It may be noted that the area where the recent attack took place has witnessed Takfiri Islamist attacks in the past such as the 2013 massacre of 10 foreign mountaineers in Nanga Parbat and the 2012 massacres of Shia Muslims in Chilas and Babusar.

In the aforementioned chapter, I draw a pattern of violence based on data of all notable attacks on Chinese nationals and China- or CPEC-related workers in Pakistan from 2001 to 2017. The analysis reveals that attacks by Takfiri Islamist (Khwarij) militant groups or suspects are the most serious, not only in terms of the number of attacks but also in terms of deaths, injuries and abductions. The study shows that 54% of all attacks on Chinese or CPEC-related projects have been carried out by Takfiri Islamist or Khawarij groups, 31% by Baloch separatists, and 15% by others or those unknown. Both of these militant groups pose a threat not only to the physical security of Chinese nationals and projects in Pakistan, but also to the very ideology of the nation-states of Pakistan and China, and the idea of the Belt and Road.

As a rising global power, China is discovering that its ascendancy to economic and political power is paved with great risks. This trend is reflected in recent attacks against Chinese citizens and commercial projects in South and Central Asia. While some of these attacks have roots in the Islamist and separatist insurgency in XUAR, others have roots in transnational Takfiri Islamist and regional nationalist or separatist ideologies.

In my chapter’s conclusion, I note that with varying intensity and frequency, incidents of violence against Chinese as well as Pakistani workers on CPEC-related projects continue to take place in Pakistan. Needless to say, CPEC’s success will be determined by investors’ confidence and their ability to successfully conduct their operations. If these attacks continue, the very scheme that is hoped to revolutionize Pakistan’s industrial and socioeconomic development may be at great risk. Since India and the USA are concerned about the increasing cooperation between China and Pakistan, they are likely to use these incidents as an excuse to criticize the very idea of the Belt and Road and try to hurt CPEC. For CPEC to move forward, militant activities by the TTP, LeJ, BLA and other violent groups cannot continue unchecked. Indeed, the much anticipated socioeconomic and strategic advantages inherent therein for trade across China, Pakistan and Central Asia cannot be reaped unless both forms of militancy are comprehensively addressed and eliminated.

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Business Schools in South Asia

This is an incomplete list of notable business schools in the region. Please write to info@southasianaom.com to update this list.

India

Indian Institute of Management, Ahmedabad (IIM A)
http://www.iimahd.ernet.in/

Indian Institute of Management, Calcutta (IIM C) @ Kolkatta
http://www.iimcal.ac.in/

Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore (IIM B)
http://www.iimb.ernet.in/index.jsp

Indian Institute of Management, Lucknow (IIM L)
http://www.iiml.ac.in/main.html

XLRI – Xavier Labour Research Institute, Jamshedpur
http://www.xlri.edu/

ISB – Indian School of Business, Hyderabad
http://www.isb.edu/

FMS – Faculty of Management Studies, University of Delhi
http://www.fms.edu/

Indian Institute of Management, Indore (IIM I)
http://www.iimidr.ac.in/

Indian Institute of Management, Kozhikode (IIM K – Calicut)
http://www.iimk.ac.in/

Pakistan

Suleman Dawood School of Business, Lahore University of Management Sciences, Pakistan
http://www.sdsb.lums.edu.pk/

Institute of Business Administration, Karachi
http://www.iba.edu.pk/

NUST Business School, Islamabad
http://nbs.nust.edu.pk/

The International Islamic University, Islamabad
www.iiu.edu.pk

Lahore School of Economics
http://www.lahoreschoolofeconomics.edu.pk/

Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Institute of Science and Technology, Karachi
www.szabist.edu.pk

Institute of Business Management, Karachi
http://www.iobm.edu.pk/

University of Management and Technology
https://www.umt.edu.pk/

National College of Business administration and Economics, Lahore http://www.ncbae.edu.pk/

Sukkur IBA
http://www.iba-suk.edu.pk/

University of Central Punjab
http://www.ucp.edu.pk/

Sri Lanka

Postgraduate Institute of Management (PIMI), University of Sri Jayewardenepura
https://www.pim.sjp.ac.lk/

National Institute of Business Management
http://www.nibm.lk/

Bangladesh

Institute of Business Administration, University of Dhaka
www.iba-du.edu

Nepal

Universal College, Kathmandu
http://www.uc.edu.np/

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Journals

The following is an incomplete list of journals and periodicals related to South Asia:

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South Asian Journal of Business Studies
Published by: Emerald

South Asian Journal of Business Studies (previously: South Asian Journal of Global Business Research) is the official journal of the South Asian Academy of Management. The mission of SAJBS is to advance theoretical and empirical knowledge of business issues facing multinational and local organisations of South Asia and South Asian diaspora.

SAJBS is committed to providing a unified platform to publish research that links scholarly communities in South Asia with the rest of the world. The journal is open to all empirical methods including qualitative, quantitative and mixed approaches. To be published in SAJGBR, a manuscript must use one or more South Asian countries as the context of its study.

SAJBs is available as part of an online subscription to the Emerald Regional Management Studies Subject Collection. For more information, please email collections@emeraldinsight.com.

South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies
http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/00856401.asp

Published for: South Asian Studies Association of Australia
Published by: Routledge

Journal of South Asian Women Studies
http://asiatica.org/jsaws/
Published for: The Asiatica Association

South Asia Economic Journal
http://sae.sagepub.com/
Published by: Sage

South Asia Research
http://sar.sagepub.com/
Published by: Sage

Journal of South Asian Development
http://sad.sagepub.com/
Published by: Sage

Contemporary South Asia
http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/carfax/09584935.html
The countries of South Asia – Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka – are internally diverse and part of global flows of people, goods and ideas. Contemporary South Asia seeks to address the issues of the region by presenting research and analysis which is both cross-regional and multi-disciplinary.
Published by: Taylor & Francis

South Asian Studies
http://www.basas.org.uk/journal/current.htm
South Asian Studies is the internationally refereed journal of the British Association for South Asian Studies (BASAS). SAS has appeared annually since 1985, and incorporated the earlier Afghan Studies, and has established itself as the UK’s leading journal devoted to the visual and material cultures of South Asia, and the only major journal outside the subcontinent devoted entirely to this field.
Published by: BASAS

South Asian Journal of Management
http://www.amdisa.org/publica.html
Published by AMDISA, India.

South Asia Journal
http://www.southasianmedia.net/Magazine/Journal/index.htm
Quarterly magazine of South Asian journalists and scholars

Country Specific Journals

Journal of Bangladesh Studies
http://www.bdiusa.org/publications/jbs.shtml

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Ensuring Employee Engagement Amid a Pandemic

image22South Asian Academy of Management: Leadership Working Paper Series
LWP-202004-10

Ensuring Employee Engagement Amid a Pandemic

Jawad Syed, PhD

In a fast-changing and uncertain situation such as the coronavirus pandemic, many leaders are struggling not only in terms of organizational operations but also in terms of continued engagement and well-being of their employees. As someone who studies organizational behavior and people management, I regularly tell students, business leaders and policymakers that employee engagement is the key for organizational survival during a crisis.

To cope with the COVID-19 pandemic, countries and governments are resorting to extreme preventive and precautionary measures such as social distancing, home confinement, self-quarantine, lockdown and curfew. As a result, organizations across the world are forced to cease their normal operations and instead are exploring and experimenting alternative ways of work to ensure not only individual productivity and organizational survival but also individual wellbeing and employee engagement.

In this essay, I explain how organizations can ensure the involvement and engagement of their employees during this pandemic. Based on insights from human resource management literature as well as current organizational approaches to coronavirus, I offer a list of fifteen steps that may be considered by business leaders to enable or sustain employee engagement.

Suggested citation: Syed, J. (2020). Ensuring Employee Engagement Amid a Pandemic. South Asian Academy of Management, Leadership Working Paper Series
LWP-202004-10, April 10. Available at: https://atomic-temporary-16473468.wpcomstaging.com/2020/04/12/ensuring-employee-engagement/

The full working paper is freely available, subject to due citation and credits, and can be downloaded and read from the following link. Employee engagement SAAM

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Sri Lanka business leaders slash their pay 60-pct over Coronavirus

cbdSenior executives of top business groups in Sri Lanka have taken up to 60 percent salary cuts as Coronavirus killed sales and hit cash flows, but not state sector salary cuts have been announced though most are staying at home.

Sri Lanka’s publicly traded John Keells Holdings told employees in a memo that directors will take a 60 percent salary cut, and other executives will take a 35 percent.

Travel allowances will not be paid for the next three months.

Many businesses including export firms have announced that top executives will cut their pay.

Capital expenditure and recruitment has also been frozen at many businesses while workers are being laid off at others.

Small and large private businesses have no revenue to pay salaries or rents.
Continue reading

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Coronavirus lockdown could give online education a lasting boost in India

indiaLondon (CNN Business) Schools around the world have closed their doors because of the coronavirus pandemic, leaving more than 1.5 billion children stuck at home. While it’s a great inconvenience for many, it has created a spike in demand for online learning.

Educational institutions are introducing online courses and some education technology startups are temporarily offering free classes to help offset the impact of school closures.

Continue reading

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Researchers in business education in Pakistan

A story of two lists: Who is who when it comes to research in Pakistani Business Schools

Snip20180422_3Dr. Muhammad Mohsin Butt
Air University, Islamabad, Pakistan

(Transcript of Facebook video with minor edits)

Here is an overview of top researchers in business faculty in Pakistan which is based on my study with the help of my research associate, Muhammad Alam. We collected data, comprising both objective and subjective measures, and accordingly compiled a list which is based on a survey of Pakistan’s Higher Education Commission (HEC) list of top 15 business schools and certain other schools. In the future, we wish to expand the list to include researchers at other business schools and also develop a discipline-specific list.

For this research, we used multiple variables such as total number of publications, publications in Social Science Citation Index (SSCI), total impact factor, total number of publications in Scopus, total Cite Score by Scopus, g-Index, h-index Continue reading

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Top researchers in business education in Pakistan

A story of two lists: Who is who when it comes to research in Pakistani Business School

Snip20180422_3Dr. Muhammad Mohsin Butt
Air University, Islamabad, Pakistan

(Transcript of Facebook video with minor edits)

Here is an overview of top researchers in business faculty in Pakistan which is based on my study with the help of my research associate, Muhammad Alam. We collected data, comprising both objective and subjective measures, and accordingly compiled a list which is based on a survey of Pakistan’s Higher Education Commission (HEC) list of top 15 business schools and certain other schools. In the future, we wish to expand the list to include researchers at other business schools and also develop a discipline-specific list.

For this research, we used multiple variables such as total number of publications, publications in Social Science Citation Index (SSCI), total impact factor, total number of publications in Scopus, total Cite Score by Scopus, g-Index, h-index Continue reading

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Call for Book Chapters: China’s Belt and Road Initiative in a Global Context

 Call for Book Chapters

 China’s Belt and Road Initiative in a Global Context: A Business and Management Perspective

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

Deadline for submissions: June 15, 2018

Expression of interest: February 15, 2018

Year of publication: 2018

Editors

Jawad Syed
Dean and Professor
Suleman Dawood School of Business
Lahore University of Management Sciences
Lahore, Pakistan
Email: jawad.syed@lums.edu.pk
Frank (Yung-hsiang) Ying
Dean and Professor
School of Management
National Taiwan Normal University
Taiwan
Email: yying@ntnu.edu.tw

Overview and rationale

In 2013, Chinese President Xi Jinping launched Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) as a development strategy and framework that focuses on connectivity and cooperation between China and regional countries. BRI consists of two main components, the land-based ‘Silk Road Economic Belt’ and ocean-going ‘Maritime Silk Road’ (MSR) (Ferdinand, 2016; Syed, 2017). China is implementing the initiative by establishing Continue reading

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